If you’ve got analytics, you have insights waiting to be discovered. Are you finding them and using them to drive value for your business?
There are few things as full of hype, promise and sexiness as “big data” and we have more data than ever before, yet marketers are challenged to parse terabytes of noise to get a megabyte of signal. Too many practitioners are focusing on reports and dashboards instead of analysis, and not reaping the promised benefits.
I am a student of the art and science of digital marketing, which is increasingly driven by the principles of decision science and continuous improvement that have informed my career in large-scale content production management. I am currently studying Social Media Marketing through Northwestern University. The purpose of this blog is to both practice the craft and share the best bits of what I’m learning along the way. Today’s catch includes 3 tips from two of the industry’s top minds on how to get the biggest bang for you big-data buck.
#1) Use the Scientific Method
Andy Crestodina at Orbit Media Studios challenges would-be big data mavens to do more than monitor reports and truly embrace the analytical process by doing the following:
- Get a marketing idea
- Ask a question that supports the idea
- Find the report that provides the answer
- Proceed with the idea (or reject it) based on the answer
- Measure the impact
In short, Andy suggests following the scientific method which includes forming a hypothesis, challenging it with data, and using the resulting insights to make better decisions and do better marketing.
“There is an ocean of data in your Analytics. And it’s fun to swim in the ocean. But it doesn’t really get you anywhere. If you’re just looking at reports, without answering questions, testing hypotheses or drawing conclusions, you’re not doing Analysis.”
– Andy Crestodina
He then goes on to give an easy to follow example of this process for each of the four reporting categories found within Google Analytics; Audience, Acquisition, Behavior, Conversions.
For example, do you think increasing social media activity might generate leads? Ask the question, “Which social network refers the most engaged visitors to our site?” A Google Analytics Acquisition report can tell you where referrals are coming from, what pages they are visiting, and how long they stay, and whether conversion rates vary meaningfully from other sources. The answers can determine whether it makes sense to test the idea. If so, measure the impact and see if the original hypothesis is proven correct. Either way, you can repeat the process to further refine the strategy’s performance or explore other options, compiling valuable insights on what does and doesn’t work along the way.
Read the full article “Google Analytics Reporting vs. Analysis: Insights From 4 Reports”
Anyone entering the realm of digital marketing and analytics will soon recognize Avinash Kaushik as a key thought leader in the industry. On his blog, Occam’s Razor, Kaushik has written extensively on how to use big data to find insights that drive action with timely value.
In his blog post, “A Big Data Imperative: Driving Big Action“, Kaushik acknowledges the potential and the challenges posed by big data.
“It is great that we have big data. It is greater that we have such amazing promise in that big data. It is sucky that almost no one knows what to do with it in the context of driving actual business value.”
– Avanish Kaushik
#2) Invest in people, not tools (the 90/10 rule)
Kaushik is adamant that for every $100 budgeted to invest in making smart decisions, invest $10 in tools, and invest $90 in big brains (aka people).
Don’t build the biggest, baddest big data environment over 32 months, only to realize it was your biggest, baddest mistake.”
Computers and artificial intelligence are simply not there yet. Hence your BFF is natural intelligence.
Let the 10/90 rule be an inspiration to simply over-invest (way over-invest) in people, because without that investment big data will absolutely, positively, be a big disappointment for your company.
While systems and tools can provide access to massive quantities of data, with ranks of impressive reports and dashboards, actionable insights that drive value remain the province of the analyst. Be sure to invest your budget accordingly.
#3) The Digital Marketing and Measurement Model
To aid “big data revolutionaries” in their quest, Kaushik has published a five-step framework called “The Digital Marketing and Measurement Model”, which contributes to structured thinking about what the real purpose of a campaign is, and the determination of an objective set of measures with which to identify success.
- Identify the business objectives upfront and set the broadest parameters for the work we are doing. Sr. Executives play a key role in this step.
- Identify crisp goals for each business objective. Executives lead the discussion, you’ll play a contributing role.
- Write down the key performance indicators. You’ll lead the work in this step, in partnership with a “data person” if you have one.
- Set the parameters for success upfront by identifying targets for each KPI. Organization leaders play a key role here, with input from Marketing and Finance.
- Identify the segments of people / behavior / outcomes that we’ll analyze to understand why we succeed or failed.
Follow this link to read the full text of Avanish Kaushik’s post on “The Digital Marketing and Measurement Model”
Remember these 3 keys to driving value from big data
- Be Scientific: Start with an idea, convert it into a question, find a report that answers it, reject or proceed with the idea, and measure the impact.
- Invest in People: Direct 90% of your analytics investment in people, who are your source for actionable insights.
- Follow the Model: Define the objective, set goals, document KPIs, determine success parameters, identify causes for success or failure.
Follow these three principles and make the difference between good and great marketing.
Nick Krueger is a 17-year veteran of the analog magazine publishing and retail marketing communications business, with the last 9 years managing the execution of print marketing programs at RadioShack.
Nick has a B.S. in Operations Management from the University of Memphis, an M.B.A. from the University of North Texas, and is currently enrolled in Social Media Marketing with Northwestern University via Coursera.
You can find Nick at LinkedIn, Twitter, Google+, and Facebook.
According to McKinsey Consulting, the US companies are facing an imminent shortage of analytical talent.
The United States alone faces a shortage of 140,000 to 190,000 people with analytical expertise and 1.5 million managers and analysts with the skills to understand and make decisions based on the analysis of big data.
Full Article: Big data: The next frontier for competition
Looks like a call to serve and I’m game to “Do my bit”! My chosen vocation, Digital Marketing is heavily driven by analytics to drive the development and refinement of campaigns. Therefore, I’ve recently enrolled in Johns Hopkins University’s excellent Data Analytics program (available via Coursera here).
I’ve always had a fascination with tools that enable the tabulation and analysis of data, beginning with Excel, then Access and Filemaker Pro, and most recently R, which is an absolutely amazing, free, open-source tool for data analysis.
The JHU program includes an extremely challenging but excellent R Programming course, which I highly recommend. Though at times I felt like putting my head in a blender trying to figure out the programming assignments in the course, that is part of the education, and I was able to succeed by collaborating with peers in the course discussion boards and using online resources like StackOverflow.
I am very proud to have their R Programming certificate, and look forward to using R as a power-tool in my future career as a digital marketing analytics ninja.
For those of you wanting to do your bit and learn R, I also highly recommend the following resources for getting off the ground.
SWIRL (SoftWare Interactive R Learning) – This is a ridiculously awesome and amazing learning tool for R. You install R Studio (available here), install and load SWIRL, and off you go. SWIRL teaches you through interactive text-based lessons within the R console iteself, and feels more like a game than anything. The lessons fly by and are incredibly informative. I would work through them all once or twice before beginning the Johns Hopkins course, which will make the assignments much easier.
I also highly recommend working through Bucky Robert’s series of YouTube videos on R, hosted by The New Boston, a great, free, learning resource site. Bucky is great at explaining the basics in easy-to-understand terms, with a sense of humor to boot. I watched these while on the treadmill in the morning and found they really lubricated the learning process.
Lastly I recommend the book, “R for Marketing Research and Analytics” by Chapman and Feit, available on Amazon (here). Unlike the Johns Hopkins course, this book is focused on the use of R in a marketing context, with relevant exercises. My personal goal is to work through the entire text by 01/01/2016.
Ready to “Do your bit”? Good luck to you, and have fun!
There is a reason Avinash Kaushik is one of the foremost thought-leaders in the world of digital marketing. With roots in research and analytics, Kaushik quickly cuts to the case, using metrics to quantify the real-world value of specific campaigns.
In his article, “How To Suck At Social Media: An Indispensable Guide For Businesses” Kaushik suggests many firms rush to social media merely because its there, connected to a large audience, without a clear rationale for why it makes sense to do so, resulting in lackluster results. For example:
Google’s Small Business page on Facebook the average “Amplification Rate” (the rate at which their followers share their content with others) is virtually zero – and the “Applause Rate” (Likes per post) is usually under 10. We’re talking Google here, and that’s how low the numbers are.
Google’s AdWords made over $35B last year, and their Facebook page has over 420,000 ‘Likes’, with the team generating new posts every day, yet usually generates zero shares.
Kaushik cites additional examples, including GE, which enjoys KPIs near zero for its own Facebook presence, begging the question, “what business value, brand or performance, was delivered?”
This leads to Kaushik’s proposal of the “MoR Test”, as a first-step in evaluating a firm’s investment in social media strategy, which is defined below.
It is pronounced the more test. It is an acronym for a test I often use in my consulting engagements. It stands for: Money off Roof test.
It is a simple test: Would we create more Social Media activity if we took all the money we are currently investing in Social Media and threw it all off the roof of our office building?
The way it works is that you compute the total cost of your Social Media program: SM employee salaries and benefits, agency fees, content acquisition/production costs, analyst salaries, executive time invested etc. Then, you withdraw that amount of money in $5 bills. Now you take the elevator, or stairs to be healthier, to the roof of your office building. During prime time, say noon, you throw the cash, off the roof. Surely, when cash is floating down from the sky, people will grab it and tweet it, write posts on Facebook, post pictures on Instagram, and of course videos on YouTube. Measure all this Social Media activity.
If the Social Media activity is more than what you are currently getting on your current social platforms, why are you on Social Media? If you simply want buzz, you are better off just throwing cash off your office building once a month. No?
The serious point is that when we choose to invest in Social Media, it comes at a cost. Not just what we are investing on Social Networks, but also what else we are not doing. The opportunity cost . Many companies don’t have mobile friendly websites. Their mobile apps, if they exist, are atrocious. When you search for them, if you find them, you end up on sub-optimal landing pages. Most don’t have decent display advertising strategies with Yahoo!. Their email marketing programs are, literally, leaving money and customer love on the table. Some have the worst lead gen page known to womankind. But. They have a regular presence on Social Networks.
If they fail the MoR test, why not take that money and invest in the aforementioned six ideas? The brand and performance ROI to the company is clear and direct.
Yet Kaushik goes on to highlight a number of cases with companies passing the MoR test including; Innocent, Carphone Warehouse, GoPro, and Mailchimp – providing analysis on each and factors for success (or lack thereof). I highly recommend reading for any social media marketing manager.
Read the full article by Avinash Kaushik “How To Suck At Social Media: An Indispensable Guide For Businesses” (here)
What is SEO anyway?
SEO stands for “search engine optimization.” It is the process of getting traffic from the “free,” “organic,” “editorial” or “natural” search results on search engines.
Major search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo constantly crawl the web, indexing content into massive databases of billions of documents, which are searched with the aim to deliver instant search results that are most relevant and popular. Ranking of results is driven by sophisticated algorithms using hundreds of variables that “sort the wheat from the chaff” (relevance), and then to rank the “wheat” in order of quality (popularity).
See 2015 survey results of top search-engine ranking factors (here).
What good SEO will do for your business?
Websites compete for attention and placement in the search engines, and those with the knowledge and experience to improve their website’s ranking will receive the benefits of increased traffic and visibility, which drives sales.
On average, 71.33% of searches resulted in a page one Google organic click. Page two and three get only 5.59% of the clicks. On the first page alone, the first 5 results account for 67.60% of all the clicks and the results from 6 to 10 account for only 3.73%.
Some Tips from Google and Microsoft
- Make pages primarily for users, not for search engines. Don’t attempt to deceive your users or present different content to search engines than you display to users, a practice commonly referred to as “cloaking.”
- Make a site with a clear hierarchy and text links. Every page should be reachable from at least one static text link
- Create a useful, keyword and information-rich site, with pages that clearly and accurately describe your content
- Create clean, keyword-rich, human-friendly URLs
One of the most important elements to building an online marketing strategy around SEO is empathy for your audience. Once you grasp what your target market is looking for, you can more effectively reach and keep those users.
When considering SEO strategy, keep in mind that most searches fall into one of three buckets:
- “DO” – Transactional: “I want to buy a plane ticket”
- “KNOW” – Informational: “I’m looking for the name of a music group”
- “GO” – Navigational: “I’m looking for a web site”
Allowing this to inform content-strategy will result in the search engine serving up your property as a relevant and popular result. Additionally, the following fundamentals continue to benefit search engine rankings.
- Quality Content
- Quality Design
- Keyword and Key Phrase Targeting (but don’t overdo it – more on that below)
- Social Media Integration
- Link Building
About Link Building (The Light and Dark sides of the Force)
There are a lot of ways to build a catalog of backlinks that impact your SEO performance. However, there is a light side and a dark side to link-building. While there are methods to build a large volume of back-links in a short time, they can actually hurt your performance as they could result in getting downgraded by an updated Google algorithm.
Cultivate backlinks from these sources to strengthen SEO
- Business Contacts
- Forums, social media and websites that are related to yours
- High Quality Resource Lists
- News Media and Blogs
- Social Media Link Acquisition
- Content Marketing
Distance yourself from these sources which can actually hurt your rankings
- Reciprocal Link Pages
- Low Quality Directories
- Article Marketing
- Paid Links
- Forum Spam
- Link Farms
Remember, you want to stay away from “black hat” SEO tactics that focus only on search engines and not a human audience, and often violate search engine guidelines. While they may have been effective a few years ago, they are likely to incur penalties that punish web site rankings. For a rundown on current dangerous practices, I highly recommend reading Bobby McGill’s “Does My Site Have A Penalty? 27 Risks to Check”. In addition to the previous list, dangerous practices include:
- Over-optimised anchor text
- Unnatural guest posting
- Thin or “scraped” content
- Keyword stuffing
- Poor mobile experience
That last one isn’t really a penalty from Google but is imposed by failing to recognize that nearly half of all web interactions are coming from mobile devices. Ensuring a solid user experience on mobile is crucial to maintaining engagement with an audience increasingly on the go.
The REALLY Dark Side (Negative SEO)
The worst kind of black hat SEO isn’t even something you can do, but is something that is done to you by someone else. Also known as ‘Google Bowling’, Negative SEO is the practice of spamming competitive websites with backlinks to devalue them in the search engines. Read an account on a real-life neg-SEO attack on WP Bacon here.
This is a scary practice as there is little the site operator can do to protect the property, other than vigilantly monitor site ranking, immediately investigating sudden drops, and submitting a disavow file with the offending links to Google.
But, I heard SEO was “Dead”. Is it even still a thing?
Search engine optimization has changed a lot over the years.
When search marketing began in the mid-1990s, manual submission, the meta keywords tag, and keyword stuffing were all regular parts of the tactics necessary to rank well. In 2004, link bombing with anchor text, buying hordes of links from automated blog comment spam injectors, and the construction of inter-linking farms of websites could all be leveraged for traffic.
Today, social media and content marketing are mainstream methods for driving search engine optimization, and search engines have refined their algorithms along with this evolution. Many of the tactics that worked a few years ago can hurt your SEO today.
In fact, there is something of an internet tradition of annually claiming that SEO is dead. A Google search I just performed for “SEO is Dead” returned over 11.5 Million results indicating it remains a lively debate. Driving factors include the increasing role of social media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) in generating inbound referrals, and increasingly sophisticated search engine algorithms shutting the door on SEO manipulation tactics.
At the end of the day, it seems to come down to one’s ultimate purpose, and definition for SEO.
Search engine providers want to meet user needs through quality search results that are relevant and authentic. To do so, they are driving an evolution of algorithms that are better and better at giving rank to sites with quality content, over those attempting to game the idiosyncrasies of system.
Does this mean that SEO is really dead, or is it finally getting back to the roots of what quality digital marketing has always been about?
Clearly it’s not SEO that is dead but rather the outdated tactics and strategies. More than ever, SEO is about building a quality website with relevant information and adding to it consistently over time. Of the many things written on the subject, I’m going to quote liberally from Razvan Gavrilas‘ outstanding article, “The Many ‘Deaths’ of #SEO Before 2015”, which you can read in full (here).
Before we decide whether SEO is dead or not, we need to clarify what SEO really means. There are a lot of misunderstandings surrounding what SEO is about, which leads people on the wrong track. If for instance, you think SEO is about tricking search engines, linking schemes, and web spam then yes, SEO is dead.
Since 2011, the Panda algorithm targets websites with too much keyword stuffing, advertising, duplicate content or those that didn’t have quality signals pointing to their sites … and a lot of people believed optimization was no longer possible.
In 2012, it introduced the Penguin algorithms, which focused mainly on web spam updates. Penguin checks the links on a website and if it doesn’t like the links pointing to that website, it “demotes” the site’s ranking significantly.
[And] just like anything else, guest blogging has been abused, so Google began to devalue the links from guest blogging.
Last year, Google rolled out two new updates: Penguin 3.0, which focuses on link building strategies (less quantity, more quality), and Panda 4.0, which prevent sites with poor quality content from reaching Google’s top search results.
Diversify your traffic! Write for humans not for search engine bots! Stay away from link building schemes, they might work on short-term but will surely get you penalized heavily in the long-term. Make your content sharable and interesting. Follow people who have sites similar to yours and create connections with them.
As long as search engines exist and are trying to provide users with the most relevant results, the ability to make your site the most relevant will exist. If Google and every other search engine along with it collapse and die, then SEO will probably die along with it. But until that happens, until the system breaks or it is replaced by another one, we are going to have SEO.
SEO is always a challenging field, but it doesn’t change all that much. If you’ve been doing the right things, none of these algorithms should be ruining your businesses.
In conclusion, you are always better off optimizing your website content for search engines than ignoring them. They are simply getting better at detecting quality. The attentive SEO manager will embrace the trend and use it to drive continuous improvement of the online property itself, which is really the entire point of it all.
Stick to the fundamentals, and most importantly, produce quality and engaging content. If your audience responds to your website, Google likely will as well.
As with many disciplines, fundamentals never get old.
Source: Search Engine Land (Download Periodic Table of SEO here)
And many thanks to these excellent sources on the state of SEO:
Search Engine Land “What Is SEO / Search Engine Optimization?”
MOZ “The Beginners Guide to SEO”
B2C “Forget Everything You Know About SEO”
Click Z “Is SEO Dead?”
Search Engine Journal “The Many Deaths of #SEO Before 2015”